Investment Adventures in Emerging Markets


Why We Think Pre-Election Concerns Belie India’s Long-Term Promise

As India gears up for a general election in the spring, an increase in populist rhetoric among the country’s political parties may spook some investors. Sukumar Rajah, senior managing director and director of portfolio management, Franklin Templeton Emerging Markets Equity, is more relaxed. He believes this jockeying for position is part and parcel of Indian politics and feels that the country’s solid fundamentals continue to present a positive story for investors.

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In the lead up to Indian general elections, we’ve come to expect an increase in populist rhetoric from the political parties vying for power.

This year is no exception. The general election is due to take place in April and May 2019, and we’ve already seen a number of manifesto promises designed to appeal to India’s large rural community, including: farm loan waivers, subsidies, and a reduction in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and unemployment allowances.

A number of these measures could have significant fiscal implications for India’s economy and have raised eyebrows among many investors.

However, we take a more pragmatic view. We believe India’s growth path, underpinned by policies put in place since 2014 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is well-enough established to withstand any short-term challenges.

These policies, including the introduction of the GST, a revamped bankruptcy code, bank recapitalization and increasing foreign direct investment limits across sectors, as well as the Make in India initiative, have helped India become the fastest-growing major emerging-market economy in 2018, at 7.3% GDP growth.1

Whatever the outcome of the election, we believe, there is little scope for any new government to implement radical, populist policies, due to the set up between the government and its dependency on the Reserve Bank of India to balance its budget deficit. So, in our view, it’s unlikely we’ll see any major changes made to legislation whoever forms the new government.

If Modi is re-elected, we don’t expect many material changes to India’s economic path.

Even if Modi doesn’t win outright, we think it’s likely his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will still play some role in forming the new government, possibly as part of a coalition.

Reasons to Be Optimistic

We think we’re at a turning point for earnings growth. The last few years for earnings growth have been challenging, due to the effects of demonetization, implementation of GST and the impact of negative headlines from non-performing loans. We think it’s likely we’ll see a gradual improvement in earnings growth, which would be supportive for equities.

In the longer run, we believe the case for investing in India remains strong as fundamentals appear solid and long-term growth drivers give us reason to look at India in a positive light. Projected gross domestic product growth for 2019 remains relatively robust at 7.5%, and is estimated at 7.7% in 2020.2 By comparison, China’s economy is forecast to grow at a slower rate of 6.2% this year and in 2020.3

India continues to benefit from secular growth drivers such as favorable demographics, infrastructure investment, urban consumption growth and increasing income levels. At present, we think consumption should partly aid India’s development going forward, with domestic consumption set to become a US $6 trillion opportunity by 2030.4

A prudent combination of less tax and increase in government spending, along with an increase in private sector capital expenditure (capex), should likely further sustain growth.

In summary, despite some risk-off sentiment we’ve seen towards Indian equities in the lead up to the election, we believe there’s still a case for investing in India. Even if there was a surprise election result, we believe the impact from uncertainty would be felt in the short term, because fundamentals remain intact.

The comments, opinions and analyses presented herein are for informational purposes only and should not be considered individual investment advice or recommendations to invest in any security or to adopt any investment strategy. Because market and economic conditions are subject to rapid change, comments, opinions and analyses are rendered as of the date of the posting and may change without notice. The material is not intended as a complete analysis of every material fact regarding any country, region, market, industry, investment or strategy.

What Are the Risks?

All investments involve risks, including the possible loss of principal. Investments in foreign securities involve special risks including currency fluctuations, economic instability and political developments. Investments in emerging markets, of which frontier markets are a subset, involve heightened risks related to the same factors, in addition to those associated with these markets’ smaller size, lesser liquidity and lack of established legal, political, business and social frameworks to support securities markets. Because these frameworks are typically even less developed in frontier markets, as well as various factors including the increased potential for extreme price volatility, illiquidity, trade barriers and exchange controls, the risks associated with emerging markets are magnified in frontier markets. Stock prices fluctuate, sometimes rapidly and dramatically, due to factors affecting individual companies, particular industries or sectors, or general market conditions.

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1. Source: International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook Update, January 2019.

2. Source: World Economic Forum, Future of Consumption in Fast-Growth Consumer Markets: India, January 2019.

3. Ibid.

4. Source: World Economic Outlook, International Monetary Fund, January 2019. There is no assurance that any estimate, forecast or projection will be realized.

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